Category: Uncategorized

Azad Jammu & Kashmir

In Azad Jammu & Kashmir the Institution of Mohtasib (Ombudsman) was established through Presidential Order dated 6.8.1991. Later on the Legislative Assembly of Azad Jammu & Kashmir passed the Bill for establishment of the institution. The Mohtasib can investigate into the matters of mal-administration against the agencies under the control of Azad Government of the […]


Europe, Australia and Pacific, North America, Latin America and Africa had established Regional Ombudsman Associations, but Asia the most populous having about 65% population, yet really had no such forum and was lacking a regional organization. This was a glaring void for a continent blessed with unlimited bounties of nature and a region so important […]

The Origin of the Commission Against Corruption of Macao

The Commission Against Corruption of Macao (CCAC) is an organization dedicated to combating corruption and handling administrative redress.  Its predecessor is the “High Commission Against Corruption and Administrative Illegality”, abbreviated to “ACCCIA”. Looking back at the establishment of the “ACCCIA”, its realization, which took a total of 17-year entanglement, was a result of the efforts […]


An Introduction Hong Kong is situated at the south-eastern tip of the mainland of China (Annex 1).  Just under 1 100 square kilometres in area, it comprises Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, the New Territories and 236 offshore islands and islets.  With a population of about 6.7 million at mid-2001, Hong Kong is a dynamic and […]

The Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration

History The Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration, (Designated also as the Ombudsman) was provided for in Article 156 (Chapter XIX) of the Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, which was introduced in 1978, and the first Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration was appointed in 1982. Function The Parliamentary Commissioner for Administra­tion is charged with […]

The National Commission

The National Commission of Counter Corruption is composed of 1 Chairman and 8 members. In order that this agency is really independent, members of the Commission are selected by a 15-member selection committee consisting of the president of the Supreme Court, the President of the Constitutional Tribunal, the President of the Supreme Administration Court, 7 […]


On the invitation of the Minister of Supervision, Ministry of Supervision, People’s Republic of China the Pre-Conference Meeting of the Executive Committee of the A.O.A was held on 19th and 20th March 2002. The Committee deliberated upon the Agenda and the following important decisions were unanimously taken:- i.                    the amendments in the Bye-Laws and draft […]

Administrative Inspection Bureau

Administrative Inspection Bureau (AIB) of the Management and Coordination Agency (MCA) is the equivalent of ombudsman institutions in other countries of Asia. It is an independent organisation of the Prime Minister’s Office and is headed by a Minister of State (member of Cabinet). Its functions are administrative inspection and administrative counselling and are carried out […]

Wafaqi Mohtasib (Ombudsman)’s Institution in Pakistan

The President’s Order No. 1 of 1983. “Establishment of the Office of Wafaqi Mohtasib (Ombudsman) Order, 1983”, now a part of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan by virtue of Article 270-A, was enforced in 1983. As a result, the Wafaqi Mohtasib (Ombudsman)’s Institution was established with the charter to “diagnose, investigate, redress […]

8th Conference of the Asian Ombudsman Association

The 8th Conference of the Association was held at Seoul, Republic of Korea from 26-29 April, 2004. The Conference was attended by 68 delegates from 25 countries. The main theme of the Conference was “The Ombudsman and the Strengthening of Civil Rights in Asia”. The Hon’ble Wafaqi Mohtasib, Mr. Imtiaz Ahmad Sahibzada, as the President […]